Who is Albert Einstein?
Albert Einstein (* 14. March 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, German Empire ; † 18th April 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey , United States ) was a theoretical physicist . His studies of the structure of matter , space and time as well as the nature of gravity altered significantly the physical world. It is therefore regarded as one of the greatest physicists of all time.
Einstein's major work, the theory of relativity , made him world famous. In 1905 his work was published entitled On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, whose contents now considered special relativity is called. In 1915 he published the general theory of relativity . Also to quantum physics , he made major contributions. "For his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect ", he was awarded the Nobel Prize of 1921, which was presented to him 1922nd His theoretical work played - contrary to popular opinion - the construction of the atomic bomb and the development of nuclear energy only an indirect role.
Albert Einstein is considered the epitome of the researcher and genius. He used his extraordinary reputation even outside the scientific experts in its commitment to international understanding and peace. In this regard, he considered himself a pacifist, socialist and Zionist.
Throughout his life, Einstein was nationals of several countries: By birth he had the Württemberg citizenship. From 1896 to 1901 stateless, then citizen of Switzerland , he was 1911/12 in Austria-Hungary also citizens of Austria. From 1914 to 1932 Einstein lived in Berlin and was a citizen of Prussia again national in the German Reich. With the " seizure of power " Hitler he gave in 1933 to a German passport definitively. In addition to its existing since 1901 Swiss citizenship he obtained in 1940 for the American citizenship.